FDQI stands for Food Defense Qualified Individual. Under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) Intentional Adulteration (IA) Rule set forth by the FDA, food companies that fall under the rule’s governance must appoint an FDQI. Here, we explore what that means for your company and how you can ensure you have a FDQI in place to achieve compliance.
A facility’s FDQI is responsible for developing a site-specific Food Defense Plan, conducting the plant’s vulnerability assessments, and overseeing the management and deployment of any additional practices related to food defense. This means the individual should understand the IA Rule requirements and how to implement them, effectively train employees to use validated procedures, and monitor procedures to identify deviations and prevent reoccurrence.
How Does Someone Receive FDQI Certification?
While all employees of food manufacturers under the FSMA IA Rule must complete food defense awareness training, only FDQIs need certification. It’s also possible for an FDQI to establish that they’ve been trained without any FSPCA courses via education and/or on-the-job training, as long as it has been documented.
Here are two of the options available for receiving certification as an FDQI:
- Key Activity Types (KAT) Training: This fee-based, FDA-recognized course is offered by the Food Safety Preventive Controls Alliance (FSPCA) and provides a certificate upon completion of training. It helps enrollees learn to identify KATs, which is an important step for conducting a vulnerability assessment when preparing to build a comprehensive Food Defense Plan.
- Identification and Explanation of Mitigation Strategies: As its name suggests, this course provides training on implementing mitigation strategies to prevent inside attackers from compromising food sources. It is available online by FSPCA and comes with a fee for certification.
- Conducting Vulnerability Assessments: In this course, enrollees are trained to conduct the “Three Element” vulnerability assessment, which helps to determine which steps in processing should be identified as a KAT and become an actionable process step (APS). It can only be taught in-person by a lead instructor and is not available online. The Acheson Group is an excellent resource for this course, which also provides a certificate. KAT training is strongly encouraged prior to taking this course.
Although the FDA won’t begin to enforce IA Rule compliance until March 2020, it is expected for larger facilities to have a Food Defense Plan in place by July 26, 2019. Thus, now is the time to appoint and train an FDQI in your facility if you haven’t done so already.
About SafetyChain Software
SafetyChain is a Quality Management System (QMS) that helps food and beverage companies improve productivity, profitability, and compliance with a flexible, user-friendly software platform that captures, manages, and analyzes real-time operations data. Learn more at https://safetychain.com.